Three million people immigrated to British America (mainland and Caribbean islands) between 1600 and 1800. More than two million of them were slaves, and most of the whites were “indentured servants, redemptioners, or convicts.”

That’s what the numbers say. Georgetown University historian Alison Games, writing in The British Atlantic World, 1500-1800, summarizes the demographic, historical, and economic foundation of our country: “Transatlantic migration, for the population considered in its entirety, was centered around the dismal themes of enslavement, violence, and mortality.”

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