[snip] “To the Bush administration, ‘Islam’ is an abstraction,” writes Tony Judt in the New York Review of Books. “For the US, the Middle East is a faraway land, a convenient place to export America’s troubles so that they won’t have to be addressed in the ‘homeland.’ But the Middle East is Europe’s ‘near abroad,’ as well as a major trading partner. From Tangier to Tabriz, Europe is surrounded by the ‘Middle East.’. . . America’s strategy of global confrontation with Islam is not an option for Europe. It is a catastrophe.”